Biodiversity is the variety of plant and animal species in their environment. Bolivia is one of the eight richest countries in the world in biodiversity. Its territory includes 4 biomass, 32 ecological regions and 199 ecosystems, the highlights are the Yungas, Amazon, el Bosque Chiquitano, the Gran Chaco and Forests Interandinos.
Being a diverse country with many ecosystems is one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity, esto se debe a la posición del país en el trópico, combined with strong variations in topography and climate results in a variety of ecosystems, montañasos from the landscapes of the Andes, to the dense rainforests of the Amazon and Chaco dry forests. Over 17 percent of Bolivia are protected areas and natural parks.
Bolivian forests reach about 3,5% tropical forest in the world and yet, in the country are among the 35 and 45% of all global biodiversity.
- He range of altitudes in Bolivia is among 90 and 6.542 meters above sea level
- Bolivia is among the 10 diverse countries in vertebrates, approximately 2.902 species.
- 398 mammalian species.
- 277 especies de reptiles.
- 635 especies de peces.
- 204 amphibian species.
- 1.448 bird species make Bolivia the fifth richest country in the world birds.
- 106 Bolivian wildlife species are endemic, of which about 90% is located in the Yungas.
- Most of the plants are endemic in the Yungas and the inter Dry Valleys.
- Above 20.000 higher plant species placed between Bolivia 11 countries with the largest number of plant species.
- The 54% Bolivia's surface were originally Forests.
- Natural forests cover an area of Bolivia 53.4 million hectares, representing 48% of the land area and 1.28% world.
- Bolivia still has huge areas virtually undisturbed by human action, due to the low population density and poor access.
- 8 de Sitios Ramsar (inter alia, Lake Titicaca, Pantanal Boliviano), 3 Biosphere Reserves (Pilon-Lajas, Ulla Ulla, Me)
- 6 UNESCO World Heritage Site (City of Potosí, Tiwanaku, National Park Noel Kempff Mercado).
- Lake Titicaca, shared with Peru, has an area of 8 562 km2 and is located 3810 meters above sea level. It is the highest navigable lake in the world.
- El Salar de Uyuni es el salar más grande del mundo, located in Southwest Bolivia, to a height of 3.650 m is a 25 times larger than the Bonneville Salt Flat in the United States. Is estimated to have a 10.000.000.000.000 tons of salt.
Some photos describing the natural wealth and variety of Bolivia